El idiota moral. La banalidad del mal en el siglo XX


Barcelona, Anagrama, 1993, 163 pp.
The moral idiot. Banality of evil in the 20th century


The mortal sin in 20th century - A new exterminating angel - Bluebeard's shadow - Moral apathy - The lack of thought - The banality of evil - The moral idiot in relation to courts - Ethics in hell - The banal world

This book was a finalist for the 1993 Anagrama Prize for essays.




Justicia compasiva

La justicia como cuidado de la existencia

Madrid, Tecnos, 2015, 224 pp. 
Compassionate Justice
Justice as a Means for Caring for Existence


Introduction: We exist -  Injustice as existential damage - Connectivity of beings - The temporality of being - The impulse of existing - The desire for happiness - Basic forms of respect - The existential obligation - Existential justice - Justice as existential care - Justice and compassion​

Ética del periodismo

La defensa del interés público por medio de una información libre, veraz y justa

Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, 2012, 148 pp.
The Ethics of Journalism
In Defense of the Public Interest by Way of Free, Honest and Fair Information


The purpose of Ethics - Journalism as a profession - Journalistic information - Journalism stakeholders - A profession with principles - The duty of truthfulness - The preservation of autonomy - In defense of the public interest - A compromise with justice - Two basic principles: freedom and responsibility - Incentives for the profession​


Barcelona, Ariel, 2012, 298 pp. 


The purpose of Ethics - Moral action - Moral conscience - The principle of moral choice - The individual ground - Moral personality - Moral reasoning - Rationality and reasonableness - Practical reason - The structure of moral judgment - Moral skepticism - The naturalist phallacy - The conflict between desire and duty - Moral obligation - Moral rules - The categorical imperative - Autonomy and heteronomy - Moral goodness - Goodness from the perspective of autonomy - Ethical relativism​

Textos clave de la ética

Madrid, Tecnos, 2012, 606pp.  
Ethics: Essential Readings


I: Greek wisdom: Gorgias, Protagoras, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Epicur, Zeno II: Roman virtues: Cicero, Seneca, Epictetus, Marcus Aurelius III: Middle Age soul: Augustine, S. Anselm, Abelard, Aquinas, Scotus IV: Renaissance humanism: Erasmus, Della Mirandola, Machiavelli, MontaigneV: Enlightenment Ethics: Hobbes, Locke, Spinoza, Hutcheson, Voltaire, Rousseau, Hume, Smith, Kant, Bentham VI: Bourgeois freedom: Hegel, Schopenhauer, Mill, Marx, Darwin, Nietzsche, Freud, James VII: Modern rationality: Moore, Scheler, Sartre, Ayer, Hare, Arendt, Rawls, Foucault, Habermas​

Emprender con responsabilidad

Madrid, LID, 2012, 140pp. (in collaboration with Ángel Pes)
Responsible Enterprising


Introduction - The heroes of our era - Entepreneurial activity in Spain - The entepreneurial personality - Entrepreneurs and corporate responsability - Corporate responsability in the global economy - Conclusions​


Ética del medioambiente

Barcelona, Aresta, 2010, 184pp.
Ecoethics. Environmental Ethics


The environmental disaster - The human origin of the disaster - A culture of excuses - The moral idiot in relation to nature - Spheres of the world - The picture of beings - The value of every being - An order of priorities - Reviewing anthropocentrism - The limits of human intervention - In defense of global environmental Ethics - A crossroad of theories - Preservation as a main goal - All things considered - The respect principle - The Ecoethical imperative - Human priority - Frugality as an option - The engagement to keep beings - The world is one ​

Aproximación a la Ética

Barcelona, Ariel, 1992, 318pp.
An Approach to Ethics


Moral action: The subject of ethics - Moral action - Moral conscience - Moral choice as a principle - Moral reasoning: Individual grounds - Moral personality - Moral reasoning - Rational and reasonable - Moral judgment: practical reason - The structure of moral judgment - Moral skepticism - The naturalistic fallacy - Moral obligation: conflicts between desire and duty - Moral obligation - Moral rules - The categorical imperative - Moral goodness: autonomy and heteronomy - Moral goodness - Goodness from an autonomous perspective - Ethical relativism

El discurso de la Ética

Historicidad y lingüisticidad de la Ética

Barcelona, PPU, 1990, 148pp.
The Ethical Discourse. Historic and Linguistic Features of Ethics 


History and the moral discourse - From morality to social ethics - Morality as ideology - The quest of moral progress - Linguistic shapes of morality - Moral shapes of language - The prescriptive moral discourse - Morality in a world of speech and action - Is ethical society a utopia?

El llaberint de la llibertat

Barcelona, Edicions 62, 1990, 111pp. 
The Liberty Labyrinth 


Moral choice as principle - The liberty labyrinth - From determinism to libertarianism - Morality as self-determination - Freedom of choice and engagement - A discussion on responsibility

Ètica i justícia

Barcelona, Barcanova, 1991, 142pp. 
Ethics and Justice


The current debate: nihilism, amorality, and relativism - The historical framework of virtues - Discussion about the classical concept of virtue - Justice as a moral virtue - The eudemonistic idea of justice - The procedural idea of justice - Justice and solidarity

L'ombra de Maquiavel 

Ética i política

Badalona, Llibres de l'Índex, 1991, 81pp. 
Machiavelli's Shadow. Ethics and Politics


Foreword by Joan Fuster - The debate between ethics and politics - The portrait of an ethical politician - Why ethical politics?​

Humana dignidad

Un estudio sobre los valores en una época en que siguen tan escasos

Madrid, Tecnos, 1990, 162pp. 
Human Dignity. A Study on Values at a Time in which They Remain Scarce


Foreword by José-Luis L. Aranguren - The fall of Marxism and its effect on ethics - Is there moral progress in humanity?: A set of interpretations - Searching for a principle - Progress according to Kant - A critical assumption of moral progress - The ethical analysis of values: The problem of values: ethics or religion? - “Cross evaluation of all values” - Inside Ethics of Values - Human dignity as an overriding value - Agnes Heller and her work on Kant's "second Ethics”

Kant y el tribunal de la conciencia

Barcelona, Gedisa, 1994, 166pp.  
Kant and the Moral Conscience Tribunal  


Foreword by José-Luis L. Aranguren - Transcendental consciousness - One's own conscience - The common ethical conscience - Moral egalitarianism - The concept of “good will” - Transition to transcendental and ethical conscience - Morality as a “fact of reason” - The self-constitution of the individual - Conscience as conscientia practica (1788) - Conscientia iudex in criticism of religion (1793) - Conscientia iudex in criticism of virtue (1797) - The “inner tribunal” of moral conscience - “Remorse” and “self contentment” - The basic moral “assent” - Duty for “truthfulness” and “conscientious decision” - Moral conscience and the assumption of God's existence - The ethics of “attitude” and the inner change - The goal of moral conscience - Stoic and Lutheran traces on Kantian Gewissen - The critical sense of moral conscience - Interpretation of results - The restoration of moral thinking​

La revolución en la ética. Hábitos y creencias en la sociedad digital


Barcelona, Anagrama, 1997, 204 pp.
A revolution in Ethics. Habits and beliefs in the digital society


The mind of digital society - A mutation of human senses - Consequences for ethics - Informational culture and evaluative culture - The so called “crisis of values” - Replacement of habits and beliefs - The revolution of ethems - The need for habits and beliefs - Habits and beliefs linked to senses - The customary displacement of sensitivity - The contempt of senses - The five senses of moral interaction - Touch and morality - Human hand as cultural symbol - Gaze and morality - The human eye as a cultural symbol - The work of the senses - Psychophysiology of touch and human conduct - Psychology of gaze and human conduct - Touch and gaze in non-human conduct - Evolutionary patterns in human interaction - The evolutionary features of ethics - Towards an ethics of a common moral minimum - Cognitive ethics and sensitivity - The recovery of touch and gaze.

This book won the 25th Anagrama Prize for essays in 1997.



Reglas para el diálogo en situaciones de conflicto

Madrid, Catarata, 2016, 190 pp. 
Rules for Dialogue in Conflict Situations 


Prologue. The difficulty to dialogue - Mute conflicts - Solution strategies - The structure of the negotiation - Failed negotiations - The structure of the dialogue - Failed dialogues - Conversational dialogue - The structure of the conversation - Conversation guidelines - The republic of conversation - Logos concertante

Ética para la vida. Razones y pasiones


Barcelona, Península, 2003, 237 pp.
Ethics for living. Reasons and passions


The passage of time - Sex is the subject - The network of emotions - The world of memory - The worlds of imagination - Advantages of willingness - Making oneself somebody - Unconsciousness and reason - Love and coldness - Friends of all genders - Illusion and disillusion - Fear of freedom - Good and evil - Guilt - The coming of pain - The weight of solitude - The proximity of death - Indispensable happiness - Life experience - A life is a life


Grans fites de l'ètica

Barcelona, Cruïlla, 2000, 268 pp.
Milestones in ethics

Edited by Norbert Bilbeny. His chapter focuses on the ethics of suspicion: Marx, Nietzsche, and Freud as well as on existentialist ethics: Kierkegaard, Heidegger, and Sartre.

¿Un mundo mejor? Balance moral del mundo desde la Guerra Fria hasta hoy

Barcelona, Icaria Editorial, 2017, 238 pp. 
A Better World? A moral balance from the Cold War to Now


First Part by N. Bilbeny: Is the World going worst?.- Usual answers to the
question.- Difficulty of any answer.- The importance of finding an answer.-
Which things do we compare?.- Is a comparison possible?.- Contrast to
past periods.- The World Wars period (1914-1945).- The Cold War period
(1945-1989).- The Post Cold War Period (1989-2001).- The “War on
Terror” period (2001 to now).- The social problems of the new century.-
Structural traits of our time.- A world without rules.- Utopia as an exit
door.- The dynamics of morality-. Moral retrospective from 1914 until
now.- Why we are not better?.- Why we are worst?.- Do not be cruel, do
not be indifferent.- The lion did not have teeth.- Book references

Other Practical Philosophy Books

Legitimidad y acción política

Barcelona, Edicions de la Universitat de Barcelona, 2018, 375 pp.
Legitimacy and Political Action


Edited by Norbert Bilbeny. His chapter focuses on the difference between legitimacy by law and legitimacy by values. Fourteen authors discussing about the main issues concerning legitimacy: governance, law, democracy, neoliberalism, intergenerational justice, cosmopolitanism, gender, feminism, information era, consumerism, globalization, socialism…

La enfermedad del olvido.  El mal de Alzheimer y la persona

Barcelona, Galaxia Gutenberg, 2022, 201 pp.The Illness of Oblivion. Alzheimer's Disease and Person

Alzheimer, an epidemic of oblivion. The silent illness. An assault over memory. The vanishing of identity. Reality and myth of the personal identity. Person and memory. The person is not only its memory. The self is not the center of the person. The eclipse of the personal autonomy. Dignity until the end. Duties of respect. Cares of love. The person is its biography. Relating the other´s life. Teachings of an illness

Ciudadanía bajo control. Perfiles políticos y culturales

Barcelona, Icaria editorial, 2021, 319 pp. Citizenship under Control. Political and Cultural Profiles


Edited by Norbert Bilbeny and Ignasi Terradas 

Enrique Díaz Álvarez, Ignasi Terradas, Jule Goikoetxea, Francesco Petrone, José A. Estévez Araujo, Gonçal Mayos, Martha Palacio Avendaño, Norbert Bilbeny

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